PhD activities are very self-led whilst working in R&D within a large company requires approval and oversight from several stakeholders. Throughout the course of a project, working in industry requires a project leader to manage communication and differences of opinions when there are multiple paths ahead. I spent the final year of my Chemistry degree working in an Industrial placement at Afton Chemical Ltd. Thomas Easton graduated last year from U of Edinburgh with an MChem. Once agreed, it is up to the R&D chemist to prepare the test oils and organise the required testing to ensuring successful execution of the plan. In one sentence my job is to formulate systems of additives to develop engine oils which meet defined industry and customer performance levels. Upon completion of my PhD in 2015, I returned to Afton where I currently work as a senior R&D Chemist in the engine oils department. The Logic Apps engine checks access to the trigger you want to call, so make sure you can access that trigger. On the whole, most conspiracy theories are bogus, and the logic behind them is mostly bizarre and flawed. But you know that both radio stations are sending their program at the same time.
Simulation is not the same as testing a model with stakeholders to see if it makes logical sense. When these changes are made the lubricant must maintain the previous level of performance and undergo additional performance testing to protect against any new issues that may arise. In order to hypothesise and understand the effects that additives have on performance and with each other, an R&D chemist relies on a core chemical understanding. A typical week as a senior R&D chemist involves planning and executing investigations to analyse engine oil additive performance in specific areas. Other companies such as Evonik and Croda occasionally compete with Afton in developing engine oil additives but more often supply Afton with some of the many components that we use in our Research & Development. If I was to revisit my career, I would spend more time at the beginning to fully understand the expectations for someone in my role and identify areas for self-development. One piece of advice I have when moving into a new role is to ask plenty of questions. At present, we have robust facilities for data storage. When testing is complete there is a large amount of data analysis to be done to extract maximum value and to avoid unnecessary repeat testing in the future.
It is important to highlight that most R&D roles across a variety of industry will require the necessary transferable skills such as problem solving, team work, communication and data analysis. Finally this analysis is followed up by a detailed summary of test results and conclusions which is communicated to all stakeholders and the wider team. As my PhD was funded by Afton Chemical this has also provided a useful understand to certain problems for both Afton Chemical and the wider industry. Having previously worked at Afton Chemical and maintained contact throughout my PhD, the job offer was made, being of mutual interest to both parties. With Afton Chemical being a matrix organisation, communication, in particular to difference audiences, is absolutely critical. The largest difference in moving from academic work, particularly PhDs, to industrial work is the amount of coordination required for success. These activities have allowed me to develop many transferable skills such as communication, team work and problem solving.
Oh, no, thanks but we have already got a place to stay! An engine can be considered like a giant chemical reactor with a wide range of chemical reactions taking place. There are a number of challenges presented from changes in engine design such as after treatment and hybridisation. There are several branches of Economics which provide practical guidance in the solution of economics problems. Afton’s global competitors are Infineum, Lubrizol, and Oronite. There are certain basic things we must learn. Four, maybe there is some curse. From a more general lubricants perspective there are typically always increasing demands in other sectors such as in generators and turbines. After cooling, the parts become more defined again. Even more valuable were the opportunities within these activities to learn and practice activity planning, budgeting and organising, and communication around plans and managing people. Development economics can also be seen as the only branch of economics that is concerned more on political processes.
Electrification is an example of one of these major changes, but it is still to be seen by how much and when its effects will truly shape the engine oil additives business. Some oil companies such as BP and Shell also develop engine oil additives, but this is usually in conjunction with specialised companies like Afton and only for their own use. The engine oil additives business is large, but key players are few. James Watt modified the Newcomen engine. These skills are absolutely key to the successful running of projects in any R&D role. Problem solving, project management and team work skills that I developed over the course of my time at the University of York are also key in any R&D role. Following this placement I returned to the University of York to complete a PhD, which was funded by Afton. During my time at the University of York I was involved with numerous sports clubs and took positions on committees of both the mountaineering and the cycling club. I enjoyed my university studies, but knew I didn’t want to pursue a career in Pure Chemistry, hence I decided to graduate after four years rather than staying for the fifth to complete a masters as I had initially planned.